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- :: Springer Nature Comparison of diagnostic performance in assessing the rewiring position into a jailed side branch between online 3D reconstruction systems version 1.1 and 1.2 derived from optical frequency domain imaging AbstractThe three-dimensional reconstruction of optical coherence tomography and optical frequency domain imaging (3D-OCT/OFDI) helps optimize bifurcation percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) with side branch (SB) dilatation by identifying the optimal rewiring position. 3D-OCT/OFDI’s diagnostic performance for assessing the rewiring position into a jailed SB is unknown. We retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic performances of a conventional (ver. 1.1) and a new (ver. 1.2) online 3D-OFDI reconstruction system based on an offline 3D reconstruction system’s performance. We analyzed 45 patients’ 52 OFDI pullbacks with main vessel stenting followed by rewiring into a jailed SB for coronary bifurcation lesions. We counted the undetected stent struts in the polygon of confluence as the stent detection performance. We assessed the diagnostic agreement regarding the rewiring position into a jailed SB by the three 3D reconstruction systems. The percentage of undetected struts and the diagnostic agreement of ver.1.2 were significantly better than those of ver.1.1 [5.1 ± 5.1% vs. 30.2 ± 14.2%; p < 0.0001, and 94.2% (49/52) vs. 76.9% (40/52); p = 0.0120]. The new online 3D-OFDI reconstruction system provides better diagnostic performance than the conventional online system for assessing the rewiring position into a jailed SB.
- :: TED The price of a "clean" internet Millions of images and videos are uploaded to the internet each day, yet we rarely see shocking and disturbing content in our social media feeds. Who's keeping the internet "clean" for us? In this eye-opening talk, documentarians Hans Block and Moritz Riesewieck take us inside the shadowy world of online content moderators — the people contracted by major platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Google to rid the internet of toxic material. Learn more about the psychological impact of this kind of work — and how "digital cleaning" influences what all of us see and think.
- :: Phys.org Clouds and soot: Understanding air pollution and atmosphere interactions As soot particles become compact in their journey through the atmosphere, they scatter and absorb light and can affect respiratory tracts.
- :: GRANTS.GOV Section 108 Foreign Currency Program (FY2020) FAS will make foreign currencies available to eligible applicants to provide assistance in market development and agricultural technical assistance activities. This announcement supersedes all previous announcements regarding this program. Funding is currently only available in Morocco under the program. FAS is inviting proposals to use the Moroccan currency for market development projects and technical assistance activities. FAS must disburse local currencies to program participants through the disbursing officers at U.S. embassies. It is the responsibility of the recipient to arrange for the receipt and use of the foreign currencies made available through the program. Activities funded with Section 108 currencies are not limited to the country in which the currency originated. Applicants should note that the Moroccan currency cannot be converted to another currency prior to disbursement. Financial assistance under the Section 108 program will be made available on a competitive basis and applications will be reviewed against the evaluation criteria contained in this notice. All U.S. agricultural commodities, except tobacco, are eligible for consideration. Under the Section 108 program, FAS enters into agreements with eligible organizations to support certain overseas marketing and promotion activities. Applicants may receive assistance only for generic activities that benefit a U.S. agricultural commodity. Proposals should include a justification for funding assistance from the program – an explanation as to what specifically could not be accomplished without Federal funding assistance and why the participating organization(s) would be unlikely to carry out the project without such assistance. Applicants may submit more than one proposal, and the number of projects per participant will not be limited. FAS will not reimburse unreasonable expenditures or expenditures made prior to the approval of a proposal. Although highly encouraged, there is no cost share requirement for Section 108 proposals. FAS will, however, consider the applicant’s willingness to contribute resources towards the project, including cash, goods, and services of the U.S. industry and foreign third parties, when determining which proposals are approved for funding. All applications under this announcement must be received by 5 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time, September 30, 2020. Applications received after this date will not be considered. Applications will be reviewed as they are received as long as funding remains available. FAS anticipates that the initial funding selections will be made by the end of November 2019.